A longboard is a skateboard with a longer and sometimes wider shape. Longboards are most commonly used for either downhill racing, slalom, or transportation. The longboard shape provides added stability, safety, and comfort. Their greater weight and bulkiness makes them less suitable for many skateboarding tricks, but contributes to a fluid motion by providing more momentum. Thus, a longboard will roll farther with a single push of the foot. Longboarding is often compared to surfing on concrete, and the design allows big turns or quick short carves similar to a surfboard. Longboarding became popular alongside emerging surfing culture through the mid 1950s. Longboarding originated in California where the streets gave ground to many longboarders due to the rolling hills. For more info see Wikipedia.
With a custom setup you can determine which trucks, wheels and bearings you want on your deck. You will have to add them to your order. Included in the price of a custom is the assembly, hardware, spacers and (if needed) the gripping of the deck.
It's always hard to tell someone which wheels are best, the chart below gives a rough estimation of what wheels are best suitable in each condition.
Smooth asphalt: 70-80mm: 80a-84a
City (mixed tiles, obstacles, bad asphalt): 70-80mm: 78a-81a
Downhill: 70mm+: 74a-81a, straight lip
Sliding: 60-70mm: 80a, rounded lip (harder is easier to slide but more sketchy)
Idealy your trucks are no wider than your deck. this to prevent you hitting the back wheel with your heel while stepping. If the main purpose of the board is downhilling we advise a low and stable truck like the Caliber 44, Paris 43 or Precision Trucks. If you prefer cruising or carving we advise any of these trucks: Paris, Holey, Bear 852, Randal RII. Or if you prefer extreme carving/slalom: Seismics or Tracker RTX/S
90mm - 110mm for Boards with a length of 65 - 80cm
110mm - 150mm for Boards with a length of 80 - 100cm
Wider than 150mm for Boards longer than 100cm
If you are a beginner and you want to build up your speed gradually you can take bearings like BullsEye, MiniLogo, Gravity. If you want less friction (more speed) you can take the Bones, Oust, SKF longboard bearings, Pleasure Tools or the Bears. If you want the fastest and smoothest rolling bearings you should go for ceramic bearings.
30mm: If you have a 7-ply board and use 1/8" risers
40mm: If you have a 7-ply board and use 1/4" or 1/2" risers
50mm: If you have a 9-ply+ board and use 1/2" risers
A spacer is a metal cylinder placed between the bearings. This allows you to tighten the axle nut a bit harder without the risk of pushing in the inner bearing ring inwards which takes away slop on your bearings and wheels.
Bushings are the rubber bits around the kingpin. They provide the rebound of the truck, the harder the bushing, the harder it is to turn the truck. If you are lightweight you should have a softer bushing. And if you are a bit larger or want to go downhilling you should have a harder bushing. Nowadays there are so many different types of bushings that is hard to say which ones are best for you, our advice is to start with the stock bushings and start experimenting from there. Unless you are really light or heavy then a lighter / heavier bushing is adviceable from the start
Sliding is going side ways with you board, either for fun or to reduce speed. Harder wheels with a limited amount of grip will make sliding easier, Abec11 Freerides or Cult Chronicles are known to be very good to learn sliding. Ofcourse sliding works best on a smooth surface.
Wheel bite occurs when you make a sharp turn (max turning rate) and the wheels touch the board. If this happens chances are that the board will stop immediately and makes you take a possible nasty fall. You can check it when you are standing still and put maximum presurre on one edge of the board, if there is enough room between your wheel and the board, you should be ok. If your wheel touches the board there are 3 things you can do:
- Put a (bigger) riser between your truck and your board.
- Mount smaller wheels
- Create wheel wells / make cut-outs in your board (final resort).
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